Pond Planning






& Construction












  1. Locate your pond where you can enjoy it and interact with it.
    A. We suggest an area with full sun
    B. Check with your Building Department for regulations
  2. Electricity should be there for your pond (Ground Fault Interrupted Please) to add to your options and ENJOYMENT.
  3. Before you start digging, use a garden hose to "lay out" the shape and size you want.
    A. Make it as large as you can; because it will always seem smaller when you're done.
    B.While you are designing the area think about whether or not you will want to add in a waterfall or a second pool and keep that in mind.
  4. If you are using a preformed pool all you have to do it set the pool in the hole.
  5. If you are using a liner
    A. Make sure the shelves are nicley packed and are solid
    B. Then start lining the edges of your pond and shelves with Super Edge
    (Remember to have the edging a couple inches higher on then the surrondimg
    grade of the pond so that run-off is kept out.)
    C.Very Important - Make sure that the shelves and the edges of the pond
    are well defined and secured, because the constant freezing and thawing
    of the ice will cause things to shift and settle and if the edges aren't properly
    secured then the pools edges will eventually fall apart
  6. Grade the bottom of the hole and get any Rocks that are still in there out
    of the way. Once the bottom is nicely graded dump some sand in the bottom
    and grade that out.
  7. Start putting some underlay fabric around the edges and on the shelves. This step is also very important. The underlay fabric will protect the liner from any abbrasion that may occure during those thawing and freezing periods.You can staple it to the Super edge to keep it secure.
  8. Now your ready for the liner Before you put the liner in the hole, lay it out alongside the pool to make sure it is the right size.
  9. Center the liner and anchor it with water.
  10. Fold the edge of the liner up and over the super edge or what ever sturctural support is holding the edge. Keeping that nice and tight sucure it with backfill and rocks.
  11. Start putting the coping together with rocks and small quart size plants . place the plants between the rocks so it looks more natural. (good coping plants on the wet side forget-me-not, moneywort, mint, watercress. For the dry side put some sedums.)

Planting the Pond

To make the pond attractive: (Color, texture, variety)
To avoid stagnation (Oxygenating plants and/ or a pump)
To control algae growth: (reduce nutrients and cover the surface of the water 60%)
To minimize maintenance with a naturally balanced ecological system.

Plant types

Waterlilies-provide surface cover and beautiful blossoms.
Lily-like aquatics- provide surface cover and color interest
Lotus- provide beauty and adda vertical demension to the garden.
Bog plants (emergent)- add color; some add a vertical element; some spread and provide surface color; some will send roots into the water to reduce the nutrient level.
Oxygenators- as they grow they add oxygen and remove nutrients
Floaters- draw nutrients from the water and provide surface cover.

Make sure you don't forget the Trapdoor Snails they are very important in keeping the pond in balance

How Many Plants?

Calculate Pool Size

average width________x average length_________=__________sq. ft.
Multiply by 2/3 or.60 to determine sq. ft. to be covered.

Waterlilies occupy (average) 9-12sq. ft.
multiply fairly rapidly but don't skimp, algae grows rapidly too.
Some emergent plants
will spread also
add one plant for every 1-2 sq. ft.
(They need sunlight to work so try to locate them in open water)
Snails (particularly the Japanese trapdoor snail)
will consume decaying plant material and filamentous algae. Allow 1-2 sq. ft. each

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